Ethics Guide

Please visit the new AoIR Ethics Wiki for more information and community contributions.

AOIR has an ongoing commitment to ensuring that research on and about the Internet is conducted in an ethical and professional manner. The Ethics Committee, as composed of ethicists and researchers from various different countries, has produced two major reports to assist researchers in making ethical decisions in their research:

2012: Ethical decision-making and Internet research 2.0: Recommendations from the aoir ethics working committee (Author: Annette Markham and Elizabeth Buchanan, with contributions from the AOIR Ethics Working committee). Available:

With feedback or contributions from the AoIR Ethics Committee and AoIR general membership: Maria Bakardjeiva, (Canada), Andrea Baker (USA), David Brake (UK), Charles Ess (Denmark), Radhika Gajjala (USA), Camilla Gronholm (Finland), Jeremy Hunsinger (Canada), Mark D. Johns (USA), Steve Jones (USA), Stine Lomborg (Denmark), Heidi McKee (USA), Jim Porter (USA), Soraj Hongladaram (Thailand), Janet Salmons (USA), Susannah Stern (USA), Eva Svedmark (Sweden), Leslie Tkach (Japan), Leslie Regan Shade (Canada), Michele White (USA), and Michael Zimmer (USA).

2002: Ethical decision-making and Internet research: Recommendations from the aoir ethics working committee (Author: Charles Ess and the AOIR Ethics Working Committee). Available:

With feedback or contributions from the AOIR Ethics Committee: Poline Bala (Malaysia), Amy Bruckman (USA), Sarina Chen (USA), Brenda Danet (Israel/USA), Dag Elgesem (Norway), Andrew Feenberg (USA), Stine Gotved (Denmark), Christine M. Hine (UK), Soraj Hongladarom (Thailand), Jeremy Hunsinger (USA), Klaus Jensen (Denmark), Storm King (USA), Chris Mann (UK), Helen Nissenbaum (USA), Kate O’Riordan (UK), Paula Roberts (Australia), Wendy Robinson (USA), Leslie Shade (Canada), Malin Sveningson (Sweden), Leslie Tkach (Japan), John Weckert (Australia), Steve Jones (USA).

Researchers, students, ethicists, and related institutional bodies and academic organizations in the domain of Internet research may turn to these ethics document as a starting point for their inquiries and reflection. Just as these documents were immeasurably enriched by comments and contributions from AOIR members, we hope that readers will continue to call attention to issues and resources in Internet research ethics for debate and deliberation by the ethics working committee.

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